EVALUATION OF ANEMIA IN RENAL TRANSPLANT PATIENTS

Authors

  • Malak Hussein Muhealdeen Nephrology Board Trainee, Ministry of Health Director of Health, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Safa Ezadin Almukhtar College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Kawa Hussein Ameen College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Dana Ahmad Sharif College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jsmc.10349

Keywords:

Kidney transplant, Anemia, PTA, Haemoglobin, Immunosuppressive treatment

Abstract

Background 

Post-renal transplant anaemia is a common complication among renal transplant patients. Graft dysfunction, medications, and IDA are the most common causes of PTA.

Objectives 

To investigate further the prevalence of anaemia after kidney transplantation in Sulaimani city, determine the risk factors and the association of different socio-demographic characteristics with PTA, and identify the essential causes of anaemia

Patients and Methods

A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on two hundred renal transplant patients who visited Shar-hospital in Sulaimani city for their regular follow up between January/ 2020-January/ 2021.

Results

Among the total 200 patients involved in the study, 63% were males, 37% were females, mean age was 45.32±9.28. It demonstrated that PTA was remarkably high (40%). Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common cause of PTA 28.75%, especially in 1st six months after renal transplantation; GFR decline for any reason (rejection, ATN, viral infection) is significantly associated with anaemia; the lower the GFR, the higher number of anaemic patients (p=0.000).

Conclusion

Our findings showed that anaemia is widespread after renal transplantation. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common cause of anaemia, followed by acute cellular rejection.

References

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Published

2022-06-21

How to Cite

1.
Muhealdeen M, Almukhtar S, Ameen K, Sharif D. EVALUATION OF ANEMIA IN RENAL TRANSPLANT PATIENTS. JSMC [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 21 [cited 2024 Jun. 24];12(2):103-12. Available from: https://jsmc.univsul.edu.iq/index.php/jsmc/article/view/jsmc-10349

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