OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG STUDENTS OF FACULTY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND FACULTY OF HUMANITIES EDUCATION IN UNIVERSITY OF SULAIMANI

Authors

  • Rebwar Ghareeb Hama Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Nawzad Sami Ahmed Kurdistan Board Medical Studies Candidate, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jsmc.10182

Keywords:

Obsessive compulsive disorder, Medical student, Obsession, Compulsion

Abstract

Background 

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the common psychiatric disorders worldwide, studies show high prevalence of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder among university students. There are limited data on the prevalence of obsessive‑compulsive disorder among college students in Kurdistan region.

Objectives 

The main aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder among students of Faculty of Medical Sciences and Faculty of Humanities Education.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine Sulaimani University and Faculty of Humanity, from May to June 2017. Two hundred students from faculty of medicine and 200 students from faculty of Humanity were included, Self-administered questionnaire was used to assess sociodemographic data of the students. OCD was assessed by using The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised. p Value less than 0.05 considered statistically significant.

Results

The participant’s age was between 17 to 26 years. Most of participants in the medical and humanity faculty were single, 186 (93%), 187 (93.5%) respectively. The prevalence of probable OCD in medical colleges was 6%, while in humanity colleges was 4%. Having family history of mental illness was the only significant risk factor among medical students. 

Conclusion

Our study reveals a higher prevalence of symptoms among Medical than humanity university students. Further studies are needed to determine the prevalence and associated factors for OCD in different college students.

References

Benjamin James Sadock, Virginia Alcott Sadock, Pedro Ruiz. Synopsis of psychiatry, behavioural sciences clinical psychiatry. Eleventh edition. New York: Walters Kluwer 2015.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition, Arlington: American Psychiatric Association, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Adam Y, Meinlschmidt G, Gloster AT, Lieb R. Obsessive–compulsive disorder in the community: 12-month prevalence, comorbidity and impairment. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2012) 47:339–349 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0337-5

World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders; Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1992.

Zaki N, Ibrahim J. Psychiatric morbidity among third year medical students at the Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Middle East Current Psychiatry 2011, 18:51–56 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.XME.0000392849.84304.97

Tadai T, Nakamura M, Okazaki S, Nakajima T.The prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Japan: A study of students using the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory and DSM-111-R. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (1995), 49, 39-41 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.1995.tb01854.x

Yoldascan E, Ozenli Y, Kutlu O, Topal K, Bozkurt AI. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors. BMC Psychiatry 2009, 9:40 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-9-40

Jaisoorya TS, Janardhan Reddy YC, Nair BS, Rani A, Menon PG, Revamma M, et al. Prevalence and correlates of obsessive-compulsive disorder and subthreshold obsessive-compulsive disorder among college students in Kerala, India. Indian J Psychiatry 2017;59:56-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.204438

Albina R. Torres AR, Cruz BL, Vicentini HC, Lima MC, Teresa A. Ramos-Cerqueira AT. Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Medical Students: Prevalence, Severity, and Correlates. Academic Psychiatry 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40596-015-0357-2

Verger P, Guagliardo V, Gilbert F, Rouillon F, Kovess-Masfety V. Psychiatric disorders in students in six French universities: 12-month prevalence, comorbidity, impairment and help-seeking. Soc Psychiat Epidemiol (2010) 45:189–199 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-009-0055-z

Fba Eb and Kozak MJ, Salkovskis PM, Coles ME, Amir N. The Validation of a New Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Scale: The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory. Psychological Assessment. 1998, 10: 3, 206-214 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.10.3.206

Smari J, Ólason DT, Eyorsdottir A, Folunde M. Psychometric properties of the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised among Icelandic college students. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2007, 48, 127 –133 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00574.x

Foa EB, Huppert JD, Leiberg S, Langner R, Kichic R, Hajcak G, Salkovskis PM. The Obsessive–Compulsive Inventory: Development and Validation of a Short Version. Psychological Assessmen 2002, Vol. 14, No. 4, 485–496 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.14.4.485

Assareh M, Rakhshani T, Kashfi SM, Ayazi M. Status of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder among Iranian College Students in Kermanshah, Iran. J Hum Environ Health Promot. 2016; 1(4):213-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29252/jhehp.1.4.213

Assarian F,Biqam H, Asqarnejad A. AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH RELIGIOUS ATTITUDES. Arch Iranian Med 2006; 9 (2): 104 – 107

Almeida AD, Godinho TM, Bitencourt AG, Teles MS, Silva AS, Fonseca DC et al.Common mental disorders among medical students. J Bras Psiquiatr, 56(4): 245-251, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0047-20852007000400002

Macaskil L, Ann (2012). The mental health of university students in the United Kingdom. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 41 (4), 426-441. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03069885.2012.743110

Grados MA. Obsessive-compulsive disorder after traumatic brain injury. International Review of Psychiatry (November 2003), 15, 350–358 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540260310001606737

Al-Sughayr AM, Ferwana MS. Prevalence of mental disorders among high school students in National Guard Housing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Fam Community Med 2012;19: 47-51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2230-8229.94015

Strous RD, Shoenfeld N, Lehman A, Wolf A, Snyder L, Barzilai O. Medical students’ self-report of mental health conditions. International Journal of Medical Education. 2012; 3:1-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.4e80.28b7

Chandavarkar U, Azzam A, Mathews CA. Anxiety Symptoms and Perceived Performance in Medical Students. Depression and Anxiety 24:103–111 (2007). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20185

Published

2018-12-21

How to Cite

1.
Hama R, Ahmed N. OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG STUDENTS OF FACULTY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND FACULTY OF HUMANITIES EDUCATION IN UNIVERSITY OF SULAIMANI. JSMC [Internet]. 2018 Dec. 21 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];8(4):299-305. Available from: https://jsmc.univsul.edu.iq/index.php/jsmc/article/view/jsmc-10182

Similar Articles

1-10 of 196

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.