COPING STRATEGIES AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH PARENTING STYLES

Authors

  • Rebwar G. Hama Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jsmc.10398

Keywords:

Coping strategies, Parenting styles

Abstract

Background 

There is a strong correlation between parenting styles and the outcomes of adults; the most common coping mechanism was a spiritual connection.

Objectives 

The present study aimed mainly at finding out the correlation between parenting styles and coping mechanisms and also to find out the most used parenting styles and coping mechanisms among the study sample. The study had a sub-aim of knowing the difference between the parenting styles perceived by the study sample compared with what has been found in the literature around the globe.

Methods

The study used a convenient sample of Koya University students who lived in the dormitories of the university campus. The sample comprised 411 students, 191 males and 220 females. For measuring the different styles of parenting and for measuring the different mechanisms of coping used by the study sample, a coping questionnaire was used. In addition, T-test and Pearson correlation techniques in Statistical Package for Social Sciences were also used to analyze the data frequency percentage.

Results

The study results showed a significant correlation between parenting styles and coping mechanisms; the passivity coping mechanism was positively correlated to the authoritative and permissive mothers’ parenting styles and positively correlated with the authoritative fathers’ parenting style. The population perceived the authoritarian parenting style to be the most used parenting style by both mothers and fathers. The most common coping mechanism among Koya University students was passivity. 

Conclusion

The study findings indicated that the most used coping mechanisms by the study sample were passivity coping mechanisms, and the most common parenting style appraised by the study sample was the authoritarian parenting style.

References

Chan TW, Koo A. Parenting style and youth outcomes in the UK. European sociological review. 2010 Mar 5; 27(3):385-99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcq013

Dubow EF, Boxer P, Huesmann LR. Long-term effects of parents’ education on children’s educational and occupational success: Mediation by family interactions, child aggression, and teenage aspirations. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly (Wayne State University. Press). 2009 Jul; 55(3):224. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/mpq.0.0030

J. Zimmermann, M. Fleck & M. Eisemann. Is parental rearing an associated factor of quality of life in adulthood? Quality of Life Research, 2008. 17(2):249-55.. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-007-9261-x

Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement. 1970 Sep; 30(3):607-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/001316447003000308

Ismail, A. A. How Muslims Cope with Problems: Development and Validation of Scale. Journal of Koya University. (2009); 13(1):27-36.

Buri, R. Parental Authority Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment, (1991); 57(1):110–119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5701_13

Binghalib Y. Family dynamics between Arab Muslim parents, western parents and their bi-ethnic children, [dissertation]. California State University; 2007.

Dwairy M, Achoui M, Abouserie R, Farah A. Adolescent-family connectedness among Arabs: A second cross-regional research study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2006 May; 37(3):248-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022106286923

Keshavarz S, Baharudin R. Parenting style in a collectivist culture of Malaysia. European Journal of Social Sciences. 2009; 10(1):66-73.

Phoenix A, Husain F. Parenting and ethnicity. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation; 2007. P. 123-140.

Chang, M. Cultural Differences In Parenting Styles and Their Effects On Teens' Self-Esteem Perceived Parental Relationship Satisfaction and Self-Satisfaction. Department of Social and Decision Sciences. 2007; 13(1):27-36.

Bakar O. Cultural symbiosis and the role of religion in the contemporary world: an Islamic perspective. KATHA-The Official Journal of the Centre for Civilisational Dialogue. 2018 Jan 17; 4(1):31-58.

Galander MM. Global communication and cultural desensitization: Repackaging western values for non-western markets. Intellectual Discourse. 2008 Jun 30; 16(1):1-19.

Razak MA. Globalization and its Impact on Education and Culture. World Journal of Islamic History and Civilization. 2011; 1(1):59-69.

Zinnbauer, J. Brian. The Emerging Meanings of Religiousness and Spirituality: Problems and Prospects. Journal of Personality, (1999); 67(6): 889-919. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00077

Pakeeza S, Chishti AA. Globalization and religion: Islamic perspective. Academic Research International. 2012; 2(3): 89-99.

Russell A, Aloa V, Feder T, Glover A, Miller H, Palmer G. Sex-based differences in parenting styles in a sample with preschool children. Australian Journal of Psychology. 1998 Aug; 50(2):89-99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00049539808257539

Ndlovu DS. Migrant Communities' Coping with Socio-political Violence: A Case Study of Zimbabwe Action Movement in Johannesburg, South Africa, [dissertation]. University of the Witwatersrand; 2010.

Recchia HE, Wainryb C. Youths making sense of political conflict: Considering protective and maladaptive possibilities. Human Development. 2011; 54(1):49-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000325371

Jones L. Adolescent understandings of political violence and psychological well-being: a qualitative study from Bosnia Herzegovina. Social Science & Medicine. 2002 Oct 1; 55(8):1351-71.

Lynne, J. Adolescent Understandings of Political Violence and Psychological Well-Being: A Qualitative Study from Bosnia Herzegovina. Social Science & Medicine, (2002); 55 (8): 1351–1371. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00275-1

Mayseless, O., Scharf, M., & Sholt, M. From Authoritative Parenting Practices to an Authoritarian Context: Exploring the Person–Environment Fit. Journal of Research on Adolescence, (2003); 13(4): 427–456. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1532-7795.2003.01304002.x

Hickman GP, Crossland GL. The predictive nature of humour, authoritative parenting style, and academic achievement on the initial personal-emotional, social, academic, and commitment to college adjustments among male and female first-year college students. Journal of College Student Retention. 2005; 6(2): 225-245. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2190/UQ1B-0UBD-4AXC-U7WU

Chan, S. M. Positive Parenting and Child Social Competence. Child, Care, Health and Development, (2011); 24(3): 524–532. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01196.x

Published

2023-03-21

How to Cite

1.
Hama R. COPING STRATEGIES AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH PARENTING STYLES. JSMC [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 21 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];13(1):69-74. Available from: https://jsmc.univsul.edu.iq/index.php/jsmc/article/view/jsmc-10398