PREVALENCE OF CYSTICERCUS BOVIS IN SLAUGHTERED CATTLE IN SULAMANI PROVINCE KURDISTAN REGION –IRAQ
Hersh Ahmad Ameen a and Shallaw Arif Rashid b
a Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
b Sulaimani Slaughterhouse (Arbat), Sulaimani Veterinary Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Submitted: 2/2/2021; Accepted:20/6/2021; Published: 21/12/2021
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.17656/jsmc.10331
Cysticercus bovis is the larval stage of Taenia saginata, a significant zoonotic disease that causes economic loss and health problems worldwide.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Cysticercus bovis in cattle in the modern slaughterhouse of Sulaimani province.
A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to April 2019. A total of 9021 carcasses were observed and inspected for Cysticercus bovis infected different muscles and organs; age, sex, breed, and the origin of the cattle were documented taken.
From the total 9120 carcasses examined, 22 (0.45%) were infected with cysticercus bovis. The infestation was mainly found in the heart muscle15 (68.18 %), masseter muscle 6 (27.27%), diaphragm 5 (22.72%), and triceps muscle 4 (18.18 %). Cattle more than three years old were more infected than those below three years old. Males (0.25%) were infected more than females (0.17%). From n=22 infected cattle, 17 (72.27%) came from different origins or were imported, while 5 (22.73%) were from local breeds.
The present study reveals that Cysticercus bovis infection is prevalent in the cattle population of Sulaimani province. In order to prevent human infection, strong hygiene procedures must be implemented, given zoonotic importance.
Cysticercus bovis, Cattle, Sulaimani Slaughterhouse.
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