Gona Othman Faris a, Niyan Hakim Ismael b, Delan Jamal Qader b, and Away Ghazy Abdulkareem c 

a Department of Maternal Neonate Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

b Department of Pediatric Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

c Department of Adult Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Submitted: 16/2/2021; Accepted: 12/8/2021; Published: 21/12/2021

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.17656/jsmc.10328 



Urinary incontinence is a complaint involving the involuntary leakage of urine. It has a significant health problem with psychological, social and hygienic effects on the lives of both women and their families.


The present study aimed to determine different types of urinary incontinence among married women, identify factors that affect this condition, and discover how urinary incontinence and related factors are correlated.

Patient and Methods

The study was carried out in a Urodynamic Center at Surgical Teaching Hospital in Sulaimani City. The present descriptive case-control study was carried out on a purposive sample of 100 incontinent women admitted to the Urodynamic Center, and 100 continent women admitted to the hospital with other symptoms. In addition, face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect required data through a questionnaire on risk factors for urinary incontinence.


The prevalence of mixed urinary incontinence was 62% and was more in old age for both groups. The majority of the case and control group were housewives living in the urban and had no systemic disease. Age, educational level, parity, gravity, type of delivery, menopause, gynaecological exam, diabetes mellitus and hypertension were associated with urinary incontinence among cases, variables that significantly varied in the chi-square study.


Three-quarters of women are affected by mixed urinary incontinence. Age, obstetric history, types of gynaecological exam, menopausal state and types of delivery recognize as risk factors associated with the occurrence of different types of urinary incontinence among both groups.



Urinary incontinence, Various types, Risk factors, Urodynamic Center.


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