PATIENTS’ SATISFACTION AND SAFETY OF LASER HAIR REMOVAL
Kazhan Ali Tofiq a and Khalid Rashid Suliman b
a Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
b Community Health Department/Technical college of Health/Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Submitted: 15/5/2020; Accepted: 23/8/2020; Published: 21/3/2021
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.17656/jsmc.10283
Laser treatment for controlling unwanted hair or laser-assisted hair removal is ever-increasing in popularity. This technology has been introduced to our practice for more than a decade, and it is fast advancing. Many factories that produce laser machines, and even beauty or aesthetic centers, claim commercially that laser hair removal in all skin types is free of side effects. This study aims to detect the degree of patients’ satisfaction with current practice in laser hair removal and the incidence of adverse effects after laser and light systems therapy for hair removal.
To find out the degree of patients’ satisfaction with laser treatment of unwanted hair or hirsutism in addition to assessing the safety of laser-assisted hair removal, through detecting post-treatment side effects (e.g. redness, pain, scarring, post-laser hyper or hypopigmentation).
Materials and Methods
A cross-sectional study in a private dermatology and laser clinic in Sulaimania city/Iraq-Kurdistan Region.Three hundred (300) patients were involved in our study. They attended ongoing laser hair removal sessions. All patients were interviewed and treated by Dual head Alexandrite/Nd-yag Laser or Diod laser.
Out of 300 patients, included in our study, two hundred eighty-eight were females and their ages ranged from 15 to 64 yrs. The number of sessions was from one to 37 sessions in this group. Duration of laser treatment, found to range from 1 to 50 months. Immediate side effects like redness, blistering, and pain were reported in 76 patients (25.3%), while long-term side effects like hyperpigmentation, acne flare, or scarring were seen in 28 patients (9.3%). Regarding the degree of patients’ satisfaction,167 patients (55.6%) were highly satisfied, 120 (40%) were less satisfied, while 13 (4.3%) were unsatisfied with the results of laser-assisted hair control. Our study found no correlation between both immediate and long-term side effects with the age of the patients. The sessions’ number was also well-tolerated and effective treatment modality not related significantly to the age, or the number of sessions.
Laser treatment of unwanted hair is a safe, well-tolerated, and effective treatment modality, which leads to high patient satisfaction.
Laser safety; Hirsutism; Laser-assisted hair control; Patient’s satisfaction.
1-Vachiramon V1, Brown T, McMichael A J. Patient satisfaction and complications following laser hair removal in ethnic skin. J Drugs Dermatol. 2012 Feb: 11 (2):191-5.
2-Altshuler GB, Anderson RR, Manstein D, Zenzie HH, Smirnov MZ.Extended theory of selective photothermolysis. Lasers Surg Med. 2001; 29 (5):416-32.
3-Goldberg DJ. Laser hair removal. Dermatol Clin. 2002 Jul; 20 (3):561-7.
4- Cas Lek Cesk. Hirsutism - etiopathogenesis, diagnostics and treatment. Summer 2017; 156 (3):133-136.
5- WenChieh Chen, Johannes Ring, Rudolf Happle. Congenital generalized hypertrichosis terminalis: a proposed classification and a plea to avoid the ambiguous term “Ambras syndrome” Eur J Dermatol. May-Jun 2015; 25 (3):223-7.doi: 10.1684/ejd.2015.2529.
6-DAVID BODE, DEAN A. SEEHUSEN, DREW BAIRD. Hirsutism in Women. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Feb 15; 85 (4):373-380.
7- Alexandre Hohl, Marcelo Fernando, Ronsoni, Mônica de Oliveira. Hirsutism: diagnosis and treatment. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab, Mar. 2014. vol.58 no.2 https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-2730000002923
8-Michelle Withers, Management of Unwanted Facial Hair, STL FP -April 1, 2011, Volume 7 Number 2.
9-Wanner M. Laser hair removal. Dermatol Ther. 2005 May-Jun; 18 (3):209-16.
10-Bouzari N1, Tabatabai H, Abbasi Z, Firooz A. Laser hair removal: comparison of long-pulsed Nd- YAG, long-pulsed alexandrite, and long-pulsed diode lasers. Dermatol Surg. 2004 Apr; 30 (4 Pt. 1):498-502.
11-Ilknur T, Biçak MÜ, Eker P, Ellidokuz H, Özkan S. Effects of the 810-nm diode laser on hair and the biophysical properties of the skin. J Cosmet Laser Ther 2010; 12:269–275.
12-Chan HH, Ying SY, Ho WS, Wong DS, Lam LK. An in vivo study comparing the efficacy and complications of diode laser and long-pulsed Nd:YAG laser in hair removal in Chinese patients. Dermatol Surg 2001; 27: 950–954.
13- Ibrahimi OA, Kilmer SL. Long-term clinical evaluation of a 800-nm long-pulsed diode laser with a large spot size and vacuum-assisted suction for hair removal. Dermatol Surg 2012; 38: 912–917.
14- Pai GS, Bhat PS, Mallya H, Gold M. Safety and efficacy of low-fluence, high-repetition rate versus high-fluence, low-repetition rate 810-nm diode laser for permanent hair removal--a split-face comparison study. J Cosmet Laser Ther 2011; 13:134–137
15- Galadari I. Comparative evaluation of different hair removal lasers in skin types IV, V, and VI. Int J Dermatol 2003; 42:68–70
16- Gan SD, Graber EM. Laser hair removal: a review. Dermatol Surg. 2013; 39:823–838.
17-Omar A. Ibrahimi, Mathew M. Avram, C. William Hanke, Suzanne L. Kilmer, R. Rox Anderson. First published: 30 January 2011. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8019.2010.01382.x.
18-Sami E. Alharethy, Trends and demographic characteristics of Saudi cosmetic surgery patients. Saudi Med J. 2017 Jul; 38(7): 738–741.
19- Baugh WP, Trafeli JP, Barnette DJ, Jr, Ross EV. Hair reduction using a scanning 800 nm diode laser. Dermatol Surg. 2001; 27: 358–364.
20-Campos VB, Dierickx CC, Farinelli WA, Lin TY, Manuskiatti W, Anderson RR. Hair removal with an 800-nm pulsed diode laser. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000; 43:442 – 447.
21- Royo J, Urdiales F, Moreno J, Al-Zarouni M, Cornejo P, Trelles MA. Six-month follow-up multicenter prospective study of 368 patients, phototypes III to V, on epilation efficacy using an 810nm diode laser at low fluence. Lasers Med Sci. 2011; 26 (2):247–255. doi: 10.1007/s10103-010-0846-1.
22- Izabela Załęska & Magdalena Atta-Motte. Aspects of Diode Laser (805 nm) Hair Removal Safety in a Mixed-Race Group of. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences, 25 Feb 2019, 10(2):146-152.
23- Mandy M, Thomas & Nicolette N. Houreld. The “ins and outs” of laser hair removal, a mini review. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy. Volume 21, 2019.Issue 6.
24-P W Preston S W Lanigan. Patients’ satisfaction with laser hair removal. First published:14 September 2004.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-2130.2004.00045.x.
25- James E. Zins, Mohammed Alghoul, Andrea Moreira Gonzalez, Patricia Strumble. Self-Reported Outcome after Diode Laser Hair Removal. Annals of Plastic Surgery: March 2008 - Volume 60 - Issue 3 - p 233-238.
26- Farideh Jowkar, Najmeh Radgoodarz, Nasrin Saki, Alireza Heiran. Evaluation of patient satisfaction after treatment with the alexandrite laser for hirsutism. Iranian Journal of Dermatology, 2016, Vol 19, No 1.
© The Authors, published by University of Sulaimani, College of Medicine
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.