• Handren Wahid Murad College of Nursing, University of Raparin, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Ribwar A. Mohammed College of Nursing, University of Raparin, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.



Neonatal jaundice, Information and knowledge, Attitude, Raparin/Sulaymaniyah


Neonatal jaundice is a widespread disorder that affects newborns more frequently than any other condition. Newborn morbidity and mortality are the possible consequences of inappropriate treatment and a delay in the diagnosis of neonatal jaundice. Consequently, awareness and health-seeking activities of mothers are critical in determining the fate of this hazard.

To determine the level of information and attitude of mothers in the Raparin Administration toward neonatal jaundice management.

Materials and Methods
A Cross-sectional study was conducted in Raparin Administration Teaching Hospitals for Maternity and Children. A non-probability / convenient sampling technique was used for the selection of 208 mothers who have a neonate with jaundice. The data were collected through structured interviews with mothers, using a specially designed questionnaire, from May 2022 to July 2022. A Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS v.27) was used for statistical analysis.

The results of the study show that the majority of mothers were in the age group 25-33 years, the percentage of those mothers who have graduated from universities was 26.9% and 78.4% of them were living in urban areas, followed by 90.4% of mothers were unemployed and 71.6% have delivered their babies through cesarean section. 61.5% of the neonate’s study sample were male. The percentage of neonates’ blood group O+ is 39.4%. about (54.3) had been fed their babies through breastfeeding. Another major finding revealed that 57.2% of mothers had good information followed by 48.1% of them also had a good attitude regarding neonatal jaundice management. The mean scores of mothers’ information and attitude are 2.45 and 2.34 respectively both mean scores are in the good area on their spectrum, also revealing that there are significant relationships between mothers’ information and their demographic features (level of education and mother occupation) at p-value < 0.02 and < 0.01 respectively.

Mothers had good information and attitudes regarding neonatal jaundice management. Mothers’ information significantly relates to their occupation and level of education. And also, a non-significantly relationship with their age, and residential places. Mothers’ attitudes significantly relationships with their age, educational level, residency, and mothers’ occupation. It is recommended that mothers should be given further health education during antenatal visits regarding neonatal jaundice management to improve their information and attitudes.


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