THE RELATION BETWEEN HELICOBACTER PYLORI SEROPOSITIVITY AND IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN IRAQ-KURDISTAN-SULAIMANI CITY 

  

Nawshirwan G. Rashid a, Fidan F. Ahmed b, Basil K. Abdullah cAhmed Kh Yassin d and Mouroge Hashim Al Ani e


a Hiwa Hemato-Oncology Hospital/Sulaimani, Candidate of Kurdistani Board for Medical Specialties.
b Medical Laboratory Techniques Department, College of Technology/ Kirkuk, Foundation of Technical Education.
c Hiwa Hemato-Oncology Hospital/ Sulaimani, KBMS -Clinical Hematology program-Sulaimani Center.
d Program Director of KBMS- Clinical Hematology Program, Hawler Medical University.
e Clinical Hematology program, Erbil-Iraq


Submitted: 13/9/2017; Accepted: 5/1/2018; Published 15/4/2018
ABSTRACT


Background 

Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia worldwide and is seen in general practice. The cause of iron deficiency anemia changes in different age groups, whether due to blood loss, gastrointestinal causes or increase in body demand for iron.


Objectives 

This study was designed to determine any relation between Helicobacter pylori positive subjects serologically in Sulaymaniyah city/Iraqi Kurdistan with Iron deficiency anemia.


Patients and Methods

The current study enrolled one hundred twenty female volunteers (eighty female with positive H. pylori serology, either both or any one of IgG & IgM positive) and forty subjects with negative serology. Then, contributors divided to four groups according to the age. H. pylori was detected serologically by using anti-H. pylori IgG and IgM antibodies ELISA kit.


Results

Hemoglobin level, mean corpuscular volume, white blood cells, platelets counts, serum ferritin and total iron binding capacity, were measured. Hemoglobin level and mean corpuscular volume in all patients considerably decreased (P < 0.01) compared with all control groups. While, the outcome of white blood cells and platelets counts demonstrated no considerable changes in all patient groups compare with all control groups. Serum ferritin in all patient categories significantly reduced (P < 0.01) compared with all control groups. While, TIBC levels significantly raised in patient groups compare with control groups.


Conclusion

There is a relation between Helicobacter pylori positive serology and iron deficiency anemia in Kurdistan- Sulaimania city..


KEYWORDS

Iron deficiency anemia, H. pylori, Hiwa Hematology Hospital, Sulaimani.