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jsmc-10106


INDUCED HYPERTENSION AND GESTATIONAL DIABETES AMONG PREGNANT MOTHERS ATTENDING PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTERS IN ERBIL CITY


Nazar Ali Sherin Doski a, Rukhosh Ishaq Mikha b and Jawdat Mamand Al-Hag Baker a


a College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University.
b Koya Medical Institute, Hawler polytechnic University.


Submitted: 18/10/2016; Accepted: 24/1/2017


ABSTRACT


Background

Pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational diabetes represent the most common medical complications of pregnancy and a major cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Gestational diabetes have has been shown to have a significantly higher risk of having a pregnancy complicated disease of mixed etiology when compared to women with normal carbohydrate metabolism, gestational diabetes mellitus is also relatively common and affects 3–5% of pregnancies, resulting in a variety of complications that primarily affect the fetus, including, stillbirth, jaundice, and respiratory distress syndrome.

Objectives 

This study aimed to determine the pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational diabetes ‎among pregnant women attending primary health care center in Erbil city and to identify the relationship between pregnancy-Induced hypertension, gestational diabetes with some demographic characteristics (age, age of marriage, occupation and level of education).

Methods

The study is descriptive study, the sample was composed of 350 pregnant women who had been attended to primary health care center in Erbil from the period 1/4/2016 to 1/9/2016, a constructed questionnaires was used to obtain the pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational diabetes among pregnant women, and the interview was used as methods of data collection and data was analyzed using SPSS version 18. 

Results

The results shows the highest age of pregnant women were between age group (18-34) years old, pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational diabetes were represented (2%) of the study sample, and there was no significant association between age group and educational level with induced hypertension and diabetes mellitus (P-value = 0.156, 0.549,and hypertension (P-value = 0.156, P-value = 0.906)

Conclusion
The prevalence of induced hypertension and gestational diabetes was not high and there was no any association between induced hypertension and gestational diabetes with all variables.

KEYWORDS

Hypertension, Diabetes, Pregnancy, Primary health care centers, Erbil city.