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jsmc-10103


ASSESSMENT OF NURSE’S KNOWLEDGE REGARDING RISK FACTORS FOR OSTEOPOROSIS IN HAWLER AND RIZGARY TEACHING HOSPITAL IN ERBIL CITY


Bakhtyar Othman Omer a


a College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University.


Submitted: 1/4/2016; Accepted: 24/1/2017


ABSTRACT


Background

Osteoporosis is one of the main cause of mortality, disability and impaired quality of life among population especially older people. It also causes premature death. It has a major effect and economic burden on health services, preventing and treating osteoporosis requires many billions of dollars annually worldwide .

Objectives

This study aimed to assess nurse’s knowledge regarding risk factors of osteoporosis in Hawler and Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Kurdistan Region/Iraq.

Methods

A descriptive cross-sectional study was undertaken with 160 nurses of Hawler and Rizgary Teaching Hospital. Knowledge was assessed by using a face-to-face interview with semi-structured questionnaire. A purposive sampling was used for data collection. The data were analyzed through using SPSS, for calculating descriptive
(Frequency and Percentage) and inferential (Chi-square and Fishers exact tests) to determine the association between socio-demographic characteristics and overall levels of knowledge of the study sample.

Result

Out of 160 samples 35% of them were in age between 34-52 years old and 86.2% were females. The majority of the study sample didn’t have enough knowledge regarding some risk factors of osteoporosis such as: diabetes mellitus (87.5%), alcoholism (79.4%), high caffeine intake (78.1%), menopause (72.5%), smoking (68.8%),
hormonal change (66.9%), low intake of calcium and vitamin (65%), corticosteroid (63.8%), and female sex (60%).

Conclusion

Nurses had a poor knowledge regarding risk factors for osteoporosis. On findings, more education and seminars are required about osteoporosis for nurses.

KEYWORDS

Risk Factors, Osteoporosis, Teaching Hospital, Erbil City.