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jsmc-10094


PREVALENCE OF FATTY PANCREAS AMONG PATIENTS WITH NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE IN SULAIMANI


Kawa Abdullah Mahmood *


* Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani.


Submitted: 7/3/2016; Accepted: 27/6/2017


ABSTRACT


Background 

Fatty pancreas results from excessive ectopic fat accumulation represents a global health problem recently.

Objectives

To determine the prevalence of fatty pancreas among non alcoholic fatty liver patients and to find out the main risk factors for fatty pancreas.

Patients and Methods

A descriptive prospective observational study conducted at Kurdistan Center for Gastroenterology and Hepatology (KCGH) in Sulaimani governorate through the period from 1st April, 2014 to 31st of April, 2015 on convenient sample of 75 non-alcoholic fatty liver patients. The data was collected by researcher through direct interview and filling of questionnaire included demographic data, weight, height, smoking, drug history, laboratory results of Gamma-Glutamyl transferase (GGT) and lipid profile and ultrasound results of pancreas.

Results

The prevalence of fatty pancreas among patients with non alcoholic fatty liver diseases was 49.3%. Fatty pancreas was significantly predominant among elderly patients 
(p=0.03). Significant higher levels of triglycerides (p=0.03) and GGT (p=0.02) were found among fatty pancreas patients. High density lipoproteins level was significantly lower among fatty pancreas patients (p=0.04).

Conclusion

About half of patients with non alcoholic fatty liver diseases had non alcoholic fatty pancreas;The main risk factors for fatty pancreas were elderly age, male gender, obesity and abnormal lipid profile.

KEYWORDS

Fatty pancreas, Fatty liver, Obesity.