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jsmc-10039


PROSTHODONTIC STATUS AMONG PATIENTS VISITING PERAMERD SPECIALIST DENTAL CENTRE IN SULAIMANI CITY


Cheman A AL-Jmoor *, Jwan F Abdulkarim * and Jwan R Abdulaziz *


* School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.


Submitted: 19/11/2012; Accepted: 25/8/2013


ABSTRACT


Background

Tooth loss is a significant problem related to general health and the quality of life. The prevalence of edentulism and number of remaining teeth per capita are commonly used as main indicators of dental health status in national surveys.

Objectives

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between socioeconomic and educational level of the patient, smoking, and the general health status with the tooth loss among a sample of Sulaimani city residents.

Patients and Methods

Two hundred fifty patients attending Peramerd Dental Centre / Prosthetic Clinic for treatment were included in the study. A formal case sheet was used to record the required information. The patients were informed that the recorded information was required for a research purpose and it will be used in a survey and their consents and agreements were taken verbally. The relationship between the variables were investigated then evaluated.

Results

The study results showed that; 158 of the patients were females (63.2%), 92 were male (36.8%). The age range of the patients was 30-60 years. Upper complete denture was (4.5) times more than lower complete denture, 222 (88.8%) of patients required removable partial denture in one or both arches. Insignificant difference was found in the construction of the complete denture in both arches when compared to one arch and related to age group. very highly significant difference were found in the number of patients wearing partial and or complete denture as related to socioeconomic/occupational status; (78.05%) of the complete denture patients were unemployed, (21.95%) were self employed and no one of the civil servant group required complete denture, while (44.14%) of the civil servant group demand removable partial denture. Patients with diabetes mellitus had the highest number of complete denture construction; 14 (34.1%), while the smokers had the highest number of missing teeth compared to the other health problems variables.

Conclusion

Socioeconomic level, smoking, and health problems as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, has a high influence upon the dental health and the number of the missing teeth in the mouth.

KEYWORDS

Tooth loss, Prosthodontic status, Socioeconomic level, Smoking, Sulaimani.