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jsmc-10023


KNOWLEDGE OF PATIENTS ATTENDING ALI KAMAL HEALTH CENTER IN SULAIMANI CITY ABOUT CORONARY HEART DISEASE


Bushra Muhammed Ali*, Amanj Abubakir Khaznadar **, Zhian Salah Rasmzy * and Saya Hassan Mustafa ***


*    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.
**  Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.
*** Directory of Health Prevention, Directory of Health of Sulaimani, Sulaimani.


Submitted: 12/2/2012; Accepted: 6/6/2012


ABSTRACT


Background  

Coronary heart disease (CHD), the principal manifestation of cardiovascular diseases, is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that, by 2020, coronary heart disease will become the world’s most important cause of death and disability and, further, the most important cause of premature death.

Objective

To assess the degree of knowledge of coronary heart disease among adults attending Ali Kamal Health Center in Sulaimani city and to identify factors associated with the knowledge.

Patients and Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 923 patients attending Ali Kamal Health Center in Sulaimani city, from 2nd April to 2nd July 2011. Close-ended questionnaires were used to evaluate participants' knowledge. SPSS version 17.0 was used for data analysis.

Results

Among 923 studied participants; 50.1% were female, the mean age was 33±12 years. About 34.9% of all participants were housewives or out of work, 56.6% were married, 85.04% had moderate economic status. Higher knowledge scores were found among older age, retired individuals, widows, (p-value < 0.05). TV was the main source of coronary heart disease's information among 32.9% of the patients.

Conclusion

Overall there is a significant relation between CHD knowledge level of the patients and level of education, occupation and marital status. There is low knowledge of warning signs and symptoms of CHD. The main source of patients' CHD information was TV.

KEYWORDS

Knowledge, Coronary Heart Disease, Sulaimani.