Issues‎ > ‎vol1n1‎ > ‎

jsmc-10016


GESTATIONAL AGE SPECIFIC WEIGHT, LENGTH AND HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE OF KURDISH NEWBORNS IN SULAIMANI CITY


Tara Hussain Tayib*, Soran Jamal Taher ** and Ahmad Al-Windi ***


*    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sulaimani University
**  Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Studies and Scientific Research, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq
*** Centre for Family and Community Medicine, Stockholm, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Studies and Scientific Research.


Submitted: 24/5/2011; Accepted: 18/10/2011Published 1/12/2011


ABSTRACT


Objectives 

To assess the percentiles (3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90, 95 and 97%) of weight, length and head circumference for a sample of new-born Kurdish population in Sulaimani and the relation to mothers' age, parity and gestational age.

Patients and Methods 

Birth weight, crown heal length and head circumference of infants born at gestational age 37–44 weeks in Sulaimani teaching hospital from March 2008 to March 2009 were measured prospectively using standard equipments.


Results
 

The mean weight, length and head circumference of the male full term baby in the total sample was as followed respectively 3355 kg, 50 cm, 35 cm. The mean weight, length and head circumference of the female full term baby in the total sample were as followed respectively 3260 kg, 49.3cm, 34.5 cm. The median for weight, length and head circumference of the male full term baby were 3355 g (3300–3400), 50 (50–50.2) and 35 (33,5–35). While the median for weight, length and Head circumference of the female full term baby in the total sample were 3260 g (=3200–3306), 49.3 (49–49.5) and 34.5 (34.4–34.6).

Conclusion 

The anthropometric measures of the new born babies in this study are near that found by the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study but higher than less developed countries.


KEYWORDS

Birth weight, Gestational age, Head circumference, Length, Parity, Percentiles.

References 

1. Lubchenco LO, Hansman C, Boyd E. Intrauterine growth in length and head circumference as estimated from live births at gestational ages from26–42 weeks. Pediatrics 1966; 37;403–408.

2. Thomas P, Peabody J, Turnier V, Clark RH. A new look at intrauterine growth and the impact of race, altitude, and gender. Pediatrics 2000; 106;E21

3. Gomella TL, Cunningham MD, Eyal FGand,  Zenk KE. Assesment of gestational age. Neonatology (LANGE) clinical manule4th edition.1988 Senior Acquisition Editor; Shelly Reinhardet. Printed in USA P; 21-25.

4. Olaaon J. The newborn, Nelson text book of Pediatrics 18th  Edition 2008. Behrman K, Stanton J(ed). USA  P; 41-43. 

5. Wilcox AJ, Skjaerven R. Birth weight and perinatal mortality; the effect of gestational age. Am J  Public Health 1992; 821:378–382,

6. Wilcox AJ, Russell IT. Birth weight and perinatal mortality. II. On weight specific mortality. Int j Epidemiol 1983; 12;319–325.

7. Susser M, Marolla FA, Fleiss J. Birth weight, fetal age and perinatal morality. Am J Epidemiol 1982; 59:624–632.

8. Koops BL, Morgan Lj, Battagglia FC. Neonatal mortality risk in relation to birth weight and gestational age; update. J Pediatr 1982; 101:969–977.

9. Williams RL, Creasy RK, Cunningham GC, et al.  Fetal growth and perinatal viability in California.  Obstetrics & Gynecology 1982; 59:624–632.

10. Barker D J, Bull AR, Osmond C, Simmonds S J.  Fetal and placental size and risk of hypertension in adult life. Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital. BMJ 1990; 301:259–262.

11. Barker DJ, Osmond C, Simmonds S J, Wield G A. The relation of small head circumference and thinness at birth to death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. BMJ 1993; 306:422–426.

12. Barker D J, Godfrey K M, Fall C, et al. Relation of birth weight and childhood respiratory infection to adult lung function and death from chronic obstructive airways disease. BMJ 1991; 303:671–675.

13. Sørensen HT,  Svend S, Rothman KJ, et al. Birth Weight and Length as Predictors for Adult Height. Oxford journals. American journal of Epidemiology 1999; 49:726–729.

14. Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and child health nursing, care of the childbearing and childrearing family, second edition. Page 223 table

15. StataCorp. Stata statistical software. Release 8.2 ed: College Station, TX: Stata Corporation, 2004.

16. Kramer MS, Platt RW, Wen SW, et al. and for the Fetal/Infant Health Study Group of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. A New and Improved Population-based Canadian Reference for Birth Weight for Gestational Age. Pediatrics 2001; 108. http:// www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/108/2/e35

17. WHO Child Growth Standards Length/height-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, Weight-for-height and body mass index-for-age. World health organization, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development) Internet site CDC (Center of Disease Control and prevention), Clinical growth charts. Last updated at 4th of August 2008. Accessed at  1st of Nov. 2010I

18. Fok TF, So HK, Wong E, et al. Neonatal measurements working group. Updated gestational age specific birth weight, crown-heel length, and head circumference of Chinese newborns. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003 May; 88(3): F229–F236. doi: 10.1136/fn.88.3.F229.

19. Heydari ST, Emamghoreishi F, Amini M. Growth Charts in Jahrom, Iran, Iran. J Pediatrics 2009; 19:25–34.

20. Telatar B, Comert S,Vitrinel A,  Erginöz E. Anthropometric measurements of term neonates from a state hospital in Turkey. East Mediterr Health J 2009; 15:1412–1419.

21. Feleke Y, Enquoselassie F. Maternal age, parity and gestational age on the size of the newborn in Addis Ababa. East Afr Med J  1999; 76:468–471.

22. A.A Hussen,  A.A Al- Rabaty. Anthropometric measures of full term babies delivered in Erbil maternity and children hospital. A thesis submitted to the committee of paediatrics, collage of medicine University of Salahaddin, Erbil- Iraq. P6

23. P. Ramankutty, R. A Salah Tikreti, K. W. Rasaam…et al. A Study on Birth Weight of Iraqi Children. J Trop Pediatr (1983) 29(1): 5-10 doi:10.1093/tropej/29.1.5, accesed at 9.19.2011.