THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VITAMIN D3 LEVELS AND HYPOTHYROIDISM


Dilshad Hamad Mustafa a, Ribwar Arsalan Mohammed b, Aveen Muhsin Asaad c, and Dawan Jamal Hawezy d


College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
b College of Nursing, University of Raparin, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
c Koya Technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. 
d College of Medicine, Koya University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.



Submitted: 12/9/2021; Accepted: 30/5/2022; Published: 21/6/2022




ABSTRACT 


Background 

It has been well observed that vitamin D deficiency may increase the prevalence of hypothyroidism. However, there is little information on the relationship between vitamin D levels and thyroid diseases amongst the Kurdish population.


Objectives 

To find an association between thyroid function parameters and levels of Vit. D among two different groups.


Patients and Methods

A case-control study was employed; two groups participated in the study, the first group was healthy individuals, and the other group was those with hypothyroidism.


Results

The results of 90 persons were collected in the recent study. The mean age was 42.76 ± 9.47. The majority of the participants were women (52.2%). Vitamin D levels were deficient in most participants (50%), which means lower than 20.1 ng/ ml. Only about 37% of the participants had an average level of Vit. D. 


Conclusion

Deficiency in Vitamin D3 is significantly associated with all thyroid function parameters.



KEYWORDS

 Relationship, Vitamin D3, and Hypothyroidism.