RELATION OF BODY MASS INDEX AND DURATION OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASES IN SULAIMANI TEACHING HOSPITALS

Sanaa Othman Karim a and  Kosar Muhamad Ali b



College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
b College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. 

Submitted: 6/8/2019; Accepted: 13/9/2020; Published: 21/9/2020

ABSTRACT


Background 

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a gradually developing illness encompassing the pulmonary parenchyma or airways (or both) causing airflow obstruction. It is an avoidable and improvable disease, with various substantial extrapulmonary effects that may add suffering to the severity of patients. 


Objectives 

This study aims to find out the relation of Body Mass Index and duration of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Sulaimani Teaching Hospitals.


Patients and Methods

A crossectional study, one hundred patients who previously diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease participated in this study. The study carried out from the period of 1st August 2018 to 1st March 2019 at Shahid hemin and Shar teaching hospitals. The details of socio-demographic and clinical features with Body Mass Index and duration were analyzed. The questionnaire was filled out by direct interview. Data analyzed was performed using SPSS software version 22.0 and P-value: 0.05 considered significant. 


Results

Results: The mean age was 60.14±13.1 years. The percent of male participants were (68%), smoking was present in most cases. The majority of cases were obese (36%). There was a significant relationship between the duration of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and body mass index (P-value =0.008). 


Conclusion

Conclusions: The majority of our cases were male, more than 60 years old, and smoker. Most of the cases were obese. There is a significant relationship between the duration of COPD and BMI. There is a significant relationship between age and duration of COPD. There is a positive relationship between smoking and duration of COPD.



KEYWORDS

COPD; BMI, Sulaimani, Shar Teaching Hospital.