RELATION OF BODY MASS INDEX AND DURATION OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASES IN SULAIMANI TEACHING HOSPITALS

Sanaa Othman Karim a and  Kosar Muhamad Ali b



College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
b College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. 

Submitted: 6/8/2019; Accepted: 13/9/2020; Published: 21/9/2020

ABSTRACT


Background 

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a gradually developing illness including the pulmonary parenchyma or airways (or both) causing airflow obstruction. It is a progressive disease with various substantial extrapulmonary findings that may add suffering to the patients.


Objectives

This study aims to find out the relation of Body Mass Index and duration of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Sulaimani Teaching Hospitals.


Patients and Methods

A cross sectional study, one hundred patients who were previously diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease participated in the study. The study was carried out during eight months (from 1st  August 2018 to 1st  March 2019) in Shahid Hemin and Shar Teaching Hospitals. The details of socio-demographic and clinical features with Body Mass Index and duration were analyzed. The questionnaire was filled out by direct interview. Data analyzed was performed using SPSS software version 22.0 and P-value less than 0.05 considered as significant.

Results

The mean age was 60.14±13.1 years, 68% of them were male. Smoking was present in most cases. The majority of cases were obese (36%). There was a significant relationship between the duration of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and body mass index (P-value =0.008).

Conclusion

Conclusions: There is a significant relationship between the duration of COPD and BMI. There is a significant relationship between age and duration of COPD. There is a positive relationship between smoking and duration of COPD.



KEYWORDS

COPD; BMI, Sulaimani, Shar Teaching Hospital.