VITAMIN D INTOXICATION IN INFANTS WITH VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTS 

Awat J. Mustafa a and Aso F. Salih b



a Sulaimani Pediatrics Teaching Hospital, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
b Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. 
 



Submitted: 12/6/2019; Accepted: 17/2/2020; Published: 21/3/2020

ABSTRACT


Background 

Vitamin D supplementation can lead to a rare condition of vitamin D intoxication in infants develop. Thus, its supplementation had to raise concerns because the frequency of its intoxication is increasing. 


Objectives 

The aim was to look for frequencies of vitamin D intoxication among infants who had vitamin D supplements in Sulaimani City.


Patients and Methods

A cross-sectional study performed on 65 infants for a period of a month from February 1st to March 1st, 2019. Inclusion criteria were infants with vitamin D supplements for at least six consecutive months and aged between eight months to two years old. The ages and gender of the infants, as well as the level of vitamin D, and the daily amount and route of vitamin D supplements, were recorded. The “IBM SPSS Statistics version 25” was used for the analysis of the data, and a P-value of (≤0.05) was considered significant.


Results

The mean±SD of age was 1.26±0.52 years (range; 8 months to 2 years), and the genders were male (29.2%) and female (70.8%) with a female to male ratio of (2.4:1). Mean±SD vitamin of D3 level (ng/mL) was 37.97 ± 14.64 (range; 6.76 to 78). There were insignificant associations between the levels of vitamin D3 with age, gender of the infants, daily supplement and the route of vitamin supplementation. No infants were found to have vitamin D intoxication. 


Conclusion

No infants had vitamin D intoxication, although they were provided with vitamin D supplements. 




KEYWORDS

Infants Pediatrics, Vitamin D intoxication, Vitamin D supplement, Sulaimani.